HEAD Lice - FACTS

WHAT ARE HEAD LICE?

Head-Lice a.k.a. Pediculosis Humanus Capitis is a common, occurrence especially among school age children due to their close proximity with one another. It is spread usually by head-to-head contact with an infected person. If you are unsure if you or a family member has head lice it’s best to give us a call so we can offer a head-check to determine if your child is positive.

Lice are very small parasites that feed on human blood. Only half of the population actually itch from lice since it’s an allergic reaction caused by their biting. A simple case of head lice can escalate very quickly due to the female laying eight to ten eggs daily.

Girls contact head lice more often than boys, and women contract more head lice than men. 80% of moms get head lice from their young children. However don’t overlook the boys in the house even with the short hair. They are most frequently located on the scalp, behind the hears, nape of the neck and the crown on top of the human head. If you don’t have any hair then you are in luck. Head lice hold onto the hair with hook-lice claws that are found at the end of each of their six legs. They are rarely found on the body, eyelashes and eyebrows.

The diagnosis should be made by a trained certified lice technician if you have any doubts since this is what we do every day all day. We will show you what we find and discuss treatment options should that be the case. Early detection is the best advice we can give.

Do I Have Lice?

Adult lice will be the easiest to spot because they are the biggest. But at the size of a sesame seed, they still aren’t that big. Although lice vary in color, if you see a grayish-white or tan bug crawling through the hair, it is probably a louse. If you look closely at an adult louse, you should be able to see human blood inside it.

Look at the hair strands about a quarter inch (~0.5 cm) off the scalp. See if you can find lice eggs (often called nits) attached to individual hairs. Nits are extremely small. They look like tiny specks and will be glued pretty securely to the hair. If you see any, try pulling them off with your fingers. If you can’t easily pull them off, they are probably eggs and not dandruff. Read More

How Can I Get Lice?

The primary way you can get head lice is when your head comes in direct contact with the head of an infested individual. Head-to-head contact like that doesn’t guarantee that the infestation will spread, but it gives lice the best opportunity to move from the hair of the infested person to your hair.

Head lice don’t jump, swim or fly. Without strands of hair to grab with the claws on their legs, they have trouble getting around at all. However, they can crawl pretty quickly along the hair, so if your hair comes in contact with an infested head, it doesn’t take much for a louse to hitch a ride on a strand of your hair and make its way to your scalp.Read More

How Long Can Lice Live?

Excluding the 8-9 days they spend as eggs, head lice can live for around 40-45 days on your head. As parasites, they feed on human blood several times a day.

If they are removed from their food source – say from getting knocked out of your hair with a brush or your hand – they can survive 24-48 hours. If they don’t find some human hair to crawl back to a new host during that time, they will die.Read More

How Can I Kill Lice?

There are many ways you can kill lice. You can suffocate them, poison them, or dry them out. You can also starve them if you get them away from their food source – your head – long enough (they’ll die within 24-48 hours).

Who Should Get The AirAllé Treatment?

The AirAllé device** is intended to kill or remove head lice and their eggs in the hair of adults and children 4 years of age and older. For children under 4, we recommend a traditional comb-out.

Does The AirAllé Treatment Really Work?

Yes! Because it is an FDA-cleared device**, we can’t make up efficacy claims that aren’t backed up by clinical data.

What Should I Do After Treatment?

Head lice do not survive long if they fall off a person and cannot feed. You don’t need to spend a lot of time or money on housecleaning activities. Follow these steps to help avoid re–infestation by lice that have recently fallen off the hair or crawled onto clothing or furniture.

  1. Machine wash and dry clothing, bed linens, and other items that the infested person wore or used during the 2 days before treatment using the hot water (130°F) laundry cycle and the high heat drying cycle. Clothing and items that are not washable can be dry–cleaned OR sealed in a plastic bag and stored for 3 days.
  2. Soak combs and brushes in hot water (at least 130°F) for 5–10 minutes.
  3. Vacuum the floor and furniture, particularly where the infested person sat or lay. However, the risk of getting infested by a louse that has fallen onto a rug or carpet or furniture is very small. Head lice survive less than 1–2 days if they fall off a person and cannot feed; nits cannot hatch and usually die within a week if they are not kept at the same temperature as that found close to the human scalp. Spending much time and money on housecleaning activities is not necessary to avoid re-infestation by lice or nits that may have fallen off the head or crawled onto furniture or clothing.
  4. Do not use fumigant sprays; they can be toxic if inhaled or absorbed through the skin.

WHERE DO THEY COME FROM?

Head lice are thought to have separated from body lice, more than 100,000 years ago. Genetic discoveries between head and body lice support theories that this time period is when people began wearing clothing. While head lice remained on the scalp, body lice mutated into a parasite that can grab onto clothing rather than needle thin strands of hair.

LIFE CYCLE

There are three stages of the lice life cycle: egg (takes 6-10 days to hatch), nymph (1st – 3 days, 2nd – 3 days and 3rd stage – 3 days) before they become an adult louse. Adult lice can live approximately 30 days before they die.

Egg/Nits

These are lice eggs laid by the adult female louse at the base of the hair shaft near the scalp. the eggs are firmly attached to the hair shaft and are oval-shaped and very small and hard to see. Eggsvary in color from clear to light brown to yellowish-white. They are often confused with dandruff, scabs, orhair spray droplets. Eggs are usually located no more than 1/4 in (.635 cm) from the base of the hair shaft.Eggs usually take about 8-9 days to hatch.

Nymphs

A nymph is the immature louse that has recently hatched from the egg. Nymphs look like adultlice, but are smaller. Like adult lice, nymphs must feed regularly on human blood.Nymphs mature into adults about 9-12 days after hatching from the egg.

Adults

The fully grown adult louse is about the size of a sesame seed, has six legs, and is tan to grayish-white in color. To survive, adult lice must feed on blood. An adult head louse can live about 30days on a person’s head, but will die within 24-48 hours if it falls off a person.

ANATOMY

Head lice have six claws designed for them to crawl from hair strand to hair strand. These claws allow them to move from head to head.

HEAD TO HEAD

A head-lice infestation occurs when a female adult louse moves to a new head and lays eggs. When those eggs hatch, the lice will most likely stay on that head throughout the entire lice life cycle. Unless the head is treated and all lice and eggs are eradicated, the lice infestation will continue for however long the lice can live.

WHAT ARE SYMPTOMS?

Only 50% of the population will itch from head lice. It is an allergic reaction to the saliva that is deposited into the scalp from the biting and feeding. Another symptom may be red bite marks on the scalp and a red rash on the back of neck caused from biting and/or excessive scratching.

DETECTION AND DIAGNOSIS

Head lice and eggs are found almost exclusively on human head hair and the scalp, frequently around and behind the ears and near the neckline at the back of the head. Most doctors and nurses misdiagnose and may say since they don’t see it you may not have it. Always go to a lice professional or get a magnifying glass and a really good lice comb to be sure.

 

The best diagnosis is by finding a live nymph or adult louse on the scalp or hair of a person. Adult and nymph lice are very small, move quickly, and avoid light, so they may be difficult to find. Using a fine tooth louse comb helps in correctly diagnosing head lice.

HOW THEY SPREAD

These critters move from head to head, pillow to head, comb to head, hat to head and is the primary method of transference. They don’t jump or fly they crawl.

WHY OTC SHAMPOOS AREN"T EFFECTIVE ANYMORE

These lice have become resistant to the over-the-counter lice treatments and have genetically mutated. Rid, Nix and other over-the-counter shampoos only kill adult lice and adolescent nits. These shampoos work by attacking the bug’s central nervous system. Because baby lice or nymphs have not developed a central nervous system yet they can’t be killed by these toxins. In addition, Rid and Nix don’t kill the eggs so you have to comb every day not wait 7 – 10 days like they tell you too.

AIRALLE' vs O.T.C. vs PRESCRIPTION

Comparison of lice treatment options including; toxic over-the-counter treatments vs. prescription treatments vs. nit-picking vs. Revolutionary AirAlle' Medical Device.

Real Cost of Lice
3 TREATMENT OPTIONS @ NO NIT NOGGINS

We offer 3 Treatments Options for all infestation levels and budgets.

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  • – Melissa DC Ranch, Arizona

    I want to express my gratitude to Kim and AirAllé for not only eliminating and treating the head lice lice from my daughter’s hair, but for treating her so kindly. Head Lice Treatment can be stressful for the whole family...

  • – Christie Phoenix, Arizona

    I can’t thank you enough for your quick response and calming of my anxiety. This has been a huge learning experience and I’m glad it was a short experience. I really didn’t want the 6 week nightmare that I kept...

  • – Jeanette Phoenix, Arizona

    Hi I am a certified school nurse with almost 20 years experience. As I have had extensive experience diagnosing and treating head lice. Unfortunately except for the terminator comb there was very little that could be done because all the...

  • – Anne M. Dc Ranch, Arizona

    No Nit Noggins was wonderfully quick, efficient and professional. No one wants to deal with lice but this guaranteed solution ended our battle with it quickly. Kim was gentle with our kids and very informative about treating lice and keeping...

  • – B. R. Scottsdale, Arizona

    Having your kids infected with lice can be a very traumatic experience. It’s often an inevitability if you have young girls with long hair in school, where it can spread like wildfire. Needless to say, despite being meticulous about it,...